Communication/Language

Below are common areas of communication/language disorders that our Speech-Language Pathologists are well trained and successful in treating.

Articulation Disorder - An articulation disorder is when a child has problems making sounds.  Sounds can be substituted, left out, added, or changed.  When a child demonstrates articulation errors it may make it hard to understand them.

Phonological Disorder - A phonological process disorder is when a child demonstrates patterns of sound errors.  An example of this may include a child that substitutes all sounds made in the back of his mouth like ‘k’ and ‘g,’ or in the front of the mouth like ‘t’ and ‘d.’  The child may say “tup” for the word “cup.”

Fluency disorder – A fluency disorder is when a child has an interruption in the flow of speaking characterized by a typical rate or rhythm, and repetitions in sounds, syllables, words, and phrases. This may be accompanied by excessive tension, struggle behavior, and secondary mannerisms.

Voice disorder - A voice disorder is characterized by the abnormal production and/or absences of vocal quality, pitch, loudness, resonance, and/or duration, that is inappropriate for a child's age and/or sex.

Vocal Cord Dysfunction - Vocal cord dysfunction can make breathing difficult.  Signs of this condition can include coughing, wheezing, throat tightness, hoarseness and difficulty to breathe during increased activities (i.e. athletic sports: track, cross country, hockey, basketball, etc.).

Receptive Language Disorder - Receptive language disorder is when a child has trouble understanding what is said to them. The child may not have good understanding of the meaning of words or following directions.

Expressive Language Disorder - Expressive language disorder is when a child has trouble using words to express ideas, share their thoughts or share their feelings completely.

Social Communication Disorder - Social communication disorder is characterized by a child having difficulty with the use of social language (i.e. knowing what to say and when to say it).

If your child is demonstrating any of the above examples, please contact us for an evaluation. A speech-language pathologist will evaluate your child’s speech and/or language skills. The process of the evaluation may vary, depending on what your child is being evaluated for. Children are generally tested on their sound errors and/or their ability to use and understand spoken language through formal and informal testing. If a child’s language skills or sound errors are not age appropriate for the child’s age, the speech-language pathologist will recommend the best form of therapy for the child.